1、 By the end of the 13th five year plan, the output value of comprehensive energy service industry is expected to exceed 8 trillion yuan
At present, there is no unified definition of integrated energy services in the world. But generally speaking, integrated energy services have two meanings: one is comprehensive energy, which covers a variety of energy sources, including electricity, gas and cold and hot; the other is comprehensive services, including engineering services, investment services and operation services.
Domestic comprehensive energy service is still in its infancy. At present, the types of enterprises carrying out energy services include power sales companies, service companies and technology companies. Traditional energy industries, including electric power enterprises, power grid enterprises, gas enterprises, equipment suppliers, ESCO (energy-saving service companies), system integrators and professional design institutes, are planning the transformation of comprehensive energy services. Typical integrated energy service providers in China include China Southern Power Grid integrated energy Co., Ltd., Guangdong power grid Integrated Energy Investment Co., Ltd., Huadian Fuxin new energy Co., Ltd., new Austrian pan energy grid, GCL distributed micro energy grid, prospective energy source, Alibaba cloud new energy, etc.
Integrated energy services include three elements: capital, resources and technology. The core of integrated energy service is distributed energy and regional energy supply around it. At the same time, it can integrate public heating and cooling, power, gas and even water services together. Data shows that traditional energy services were produced in the United States in the mid-1970s, mainly aimed at the energy-saving transformation of built projects and the promotion of energy-saving equipment, and energy-saving contract management is its main business model. Now, with the emergence of Internet, big data, cloud computing and other technologies, a new integrated energy service mode of regional microgrid technology integrating clean energy and renewable energy has begun to emerge. It is generally believed in the industry that comprehensive energy services play an important role in promoting energy utilization efficiency and realizing large-scale development of renewable energy. Therefore, countries around the world have formulated comprehensive energy development strategies suitable for their own development according to their own needs.
The potential demand of comprehensive energy services and the contribution potential of energy conservation and emission reduction are huge. According to the relevant data of "the 10th Five Year Plan", the comprehensive output value of energy industry is expected to exceed 8 trillion yuan.
2、 Integrated energy services challenge power enterprise management and profit model
With the deepening of the power system reform and the rapid development of the emerging power industry, the power industry ecosystem will gradually form with the customer as the center, the power trading market and the energy derivative market as the carrier, the participation of multiple trading entities, and the provision of a variety of energy services. In order to adapt to the new policy and market environment, many electric power enterprises in China aim at the field of integrated energy services. Integrated energy services will challenge the existing management and profit model of power enterprises. The management mode and industrial mode of power enterprises should be adjusted accordingly. The development mode of electric power enterprises should be innovated, the strategic innovation and management innovation of electric power enterprises should be promoted. From traditional electric power enterprises to new comprehensive energy service enterprises, marketization, specialization and modernization should be realized.
Power grid enterprises can provide customers with power supply services and energy value-added services. As some researchers have put forward, we can base on the following points:
One is to purchase and sell electricity as the core business to meet the power demand of different customers. Power selling companies purchase electricity from wholesale electricity markets, including spot market and financial market transactions, and then retail them to end users to earn price differentials. Through the reasonable prediction of electricity purchase demand and market price, we can formulate the combination of spot, medium and long-term trading contracts, futures contracts and price difference contracts, optimize the power purchase strategy and cost, and hedge market risks. It can subdivide the characteristics of customer groups and consumption rules, and provide diversified, personalized and package type tariff services for users, such as providing seasonal, time interval, customized tariff packages, and so on, so as to meet customer needs through rich price packages.
Second, actively expand value-added services and provide various combination packages. Provide various value-added services according to users' needs, For example, it provides diversified services such as heat storage and trust, energy efficiency management, energy consumption diagnosis, equipment maintenance, overall power supply scheme, and builds a variety of living products trading platform to realize the wholesale and retail of electricity, tap water, gas and heat, and provides a series of comprehensive solutions from power, natural gas to renewable energy supply, etc.
Third, the use of energy Internet, the extensive use of cloud computing, big data technology. In the future, enterprises will be the managers and users of power big data resources. Based on these massive data, the cloud platform is used to fully understand the various energy demands of users, and customized innovative comprehensive energy solutions for users, so as to achieve energy saving and emission reduction and power cost reduction of different users. It can also further expand the financial derivative business to meet the relevant financial service needs of users in the process of power use. After the last round of electricity reform, power generation enterprises themselves have become competitive industries, and power generation is a competitive business. Under the new situation, the role change of power generation enterprises is to change from power producers to comprehensive energy suppliers. Industry insiders say that after several years, the concept of power generation enterprises should be weakened, and more should be integrated energy service providers, "power generation enterprises" may become history. The operation orientation and operation mode of power generation enterprises will change greatly. Speeding up the establishment of market-oriented marketing system is an important measure for power generation group to meet the energy revolution, adapt to the reform of power system, and transform to comprehensive energy enterprises. It is also a new economic growth point. In the future, power grid enterprises and power sales companies are not only competing for power sales, but also for all-round and comprehensive energy services.
3、 Comprehensive services of power enterprises
In December 2012, State Grid energy-saving service Co., Ltd. was established. At the beginning of its establishment, the company was positioned as a comprehensive energy service provider. It now has four business sectors, namely, comprehensive development and utilization of clean energy, energy-saving service, electric energy substitution and international energy development. On October 22 this year, the State Grid Corporation of China issued the opinions of the State Grid Corporation on developing comprehensive energy service business in provincial companies, which clearly takes the comprehensive energy service as the main business, takes the comprehensive energy service business as the new profit growth point, cultivates the new market format, turns from selling electricity to selling service, and improves the company's market competitiveness.
China Southern Power Grid:
China Southern Power Grid integrated energy Co., Ltd. was established on December 20, 2010, and is committed to becoming a leading domestic and internationally famous modern energy comprehensive service provider. At present, the company mainly deals in "energy-saving services, comprehensive utilization of energy, development of new and renewable energy, distributed energy, electric vehicle charging and changing", etc. Different from China Southern Power Grid integrated energy Co., Ltd., on February 13, 2017, Guangdong power grid, which is responsible for power supply, officially established a comprehensive energy investment Co., Ltd. in Guangzhou, marking an important step in the transformation of Guangdong power grid from a traditional grid enterprise to an integrated energy service provider. The company has added six new business operation modules, including comprehensive energy, incremental distribution network construction and investment, distributed energy, electric vehicle investment and operation, market-oriented power sales, energy efficiency services. Guangdong power grid Integrated Energy Investment Co., Ltd. takes Zhuhai Jinwan East incremental distribution network pilot project and Shunde Western Industrial Park as the breakthrough point to expand the park's comprehensive energy services, such as distributed energy, multi energy combined supply, water, gas, electricity and multi meter centralized reading. The establishment of these two companies can be said to be the best example of China Southern Power Grid's efforts to transform into an integrated energy service company.
Datang Group's goal is to establish a marketing management and control system with "macro guidance of headquarters, business decision-making of provincial companies, and organization and implementation of grass-roots power sales companies" through 2-3 years to build a marketing management and control system that adapts to the market, unified and coordinated, flexible mechanism, efficient decision-making and complete system. At present, Datang Group has established 17 regional marketing companies and three regional power sales companies, and has begun to advance to the comprehensive energy service enterprises.
State Power Investment Corporation:
State power investment puts forward the mode of "comprehensive intelligent energy service". The State Power Investment Corporation provides energy integration solutions to organically synthesize different energy sources for power, water, gas, heat, cold and other pipelines in new buildings and parks, so as to achieve coordinated development. In the energy production end, it can realize the coordinated utilization of wind power, photovoltaic and other energy; in the energy consumption end, it provides the user with the order form of energy demand table, which can provide users with the cost of different time and different energy varieties, and users can reasonably arrange the use of energy according to the table; Through the interaction of production and consumption, we can achieve stable energy demand, improve efficiency, reduce energy costs, and ultimately achieve the win-win situation of producers, consumers and social benefits. State power investment is vigorously promoting the development of comprehensive smart energy.
The State Power Investment Corporation has all kinds of power sources, which can combine various new energy sources in different forms. In addition to packaging all kinds of energy, the State Power Investment Corporation also has two first-class design units, namely, the National Nuclear Power Design Institute and Shandong Electric Power Design Institute, which can provide top-level design and technical research and development services including feasibility study survey for users. In addition, the professional construction team of state power investment can provide EPC project general contracting services for users and provide professional and comprehensive energy services.
Guohua Power Company:
Shenhua Group puts forward the "1245" clean energy development strategy, explores the transformation from traditional energy providers to comprehensive clean energy production experts, comprehensive energy allocation experts and comprehensive energy use experts, and actively promotes "traditional energy cleaning, clean energy scale, energy conservation and environmental protection industrialization".
Among them, in terms of distributed energy, Guohua Electric Power actively explores a comprehensive energy supply business model close to the demand side, provides users with a comprehensive energy integration solution with "distributed energy as the leading, multi energy complementary and energy Internet", and constructs an integrated energy system with coordinated development of "source, network, load, storage and control" and integration and complementarity. Guohua Power plans to take the functional area as a unit, and use distributed energy technology to provide a comprehensive energy integration solution of multi energy complementation and "Internet +" smart energy (energy Internet), so as to form the interconnection and collaborative supply of horizontal "electricity, heat, cold, gas and water" energy varieties, and the coordination among multiple supply links of vertical "source grid load storage control" energy The new energy system is highly complementary and integrated with information system. Among them, "source" refers to coal, natural gas, solar energy, geothermal energy, wind energy, biomass energy and other primary energy, as well as electric power and other secondary energy; "network" covers power grid, gas network, heat network, cold network and other energy transmission networks.
Huaneng Chongqing Branch:
In March 2015, the state launched a new round of power system reform, and in November of the same year, Chongqing was officially listed as the first batch of power sales side reform pilot areas by the national development and Reform Commission. Huaneng actively responded to the call and complied with the reform trend. On August 5, 2016, Huaneng Chongqing Energy Sales Co., Ltd. was wholly-owned. The energy sales company and Huaneng Power Generation Enterprises in Chongqing were integrated. Relying on the rich experience and professional talent team in energy investment, construction, operation and management, Huaneng carried out energy sales and value-added in several industrial parks in the city It has the advantages of energy, heat and power distribution network, and provides comprehensive services for users.
Huaneng Chongqing Branch has jurisdiction over Huaneng Chongqing Luohuang Power Generation Co., Ltd., Huaneng Chongqing Liangjiang gas turbine power generation Co., Ltd., Huaneng Chongqing clean energy branch, etc., with a total installed capacity of 3.5746 million kilowatts, accounting for 30.42% of the total installed thermal power generation in Chongqing. The power generation mode has also developed from the initial single coal-fired power generation to coal-fired, gas-fired and renewable energy The diversified power generation mode of source, the increasingly reasonable power supply structure and the continuous improvement of power supply reliability provide stable and reliable energy guarantee for the economic and social development of Chongqing.
Guodian Yuanpeng Energy Technology Co., Ltd
Guodian Yuanpeng Energy Technology Co., Ltd. was established in 2001. The company is committed to the ecological operation of smart distribution network and smart microgrid. Its business fields include distribution network construction, new energy investment and development, intelligent equipment manufacturing and terminal energy management. Its technical fields cover multi energy complementary intelligent microgrid, automobile energy storage charging pile, energy centralized control operation, etc. The year of 2017 is a year of rapid development of Guodian Yuanpeng: integrating capital and technical resources, responding to national policies, building an energy storage power station integrating wind, wind and storage, and realizing a low-cost and high-efficiency operation and service system; Give full play to the advantages in power generation side, power consumption side, power sales business, distributed roof, smart micro grid and regional distribution network market, capital and finance, technological innovation and management, and operation brand. At present, it has reached cooperation with Huawei, Zhuhai Yinlong, Huaxia Xingfu, Hongxing Meikailong, Delong steel and other strategic partners to jointly develop distributed energy terminal energy management And other energy-saving projects.
The original text was first published in power decision making and public opinion reference, No. 45 and No. 46, December 15, 2017
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