The sun and the moon open the new yuan, another extraordinary year.
Following the rhythm of the new era, we usher in a hopeful 2018.
Hello, 2018! Hello, new era!
Looking back on 2017, we will take stock of the sonorous footprints of China's electric power construction, from thermal power to new energy, from "going out" to "one belt and one road", and from the realistic position to the future Every time we embark on a new journey, power builders will never forget their original intention. We will try our best to achieve our mission through struggle and to interpret our responsibilities with responsibility. One after another, high-quality and high-quality projects are the most beautiful glory in the history of China's electric power construction in the new era! Let's review 2017 of power construction with 10 key words.
Business model innovation
In the field of electric power construction, various business models with enterprise characteristics emerge in endlessly, and the sparks from the collision of innovation mode and business ideas are dazzling, realizing "joint vertical and horizontal". With the mode of "project development + EPC + grid connection acceptance + operation and maintenance", the management company of Northwest Electric Power Construction Institute of China Energy Construction Corporation combines experience refining with practice theorization to form "Northwest Power Construction Mode"; the consortium composed of China water resources and Hydropower Bureau 14, Chengdu survey and design Institute, Guiyang survey and Design Institute and Tibet Tianlu, won the bid of Guizhou Province The financing mode of Beijian and Kaili expressway will be widely applied in the construction of China Huancheng expressway.
Looking back on the past, the traditional power construction industry is facing development bottlenecks and even survival challenges due to the impact of energy structure adjustment, capital injection slowdown, homogeneous competition and overcapacity.
Business model innovation is an important means for power construction enterprises to seize resources and strategic distribution and promote the implementation of investment strategy. Based on the whole life cycle industrial chain thinking, it pays attention to financing investment and project development in the front end, and pays attention to system planning in the back end, so as to promote the application of business models such as F + EPC, BOT, sot, PPP, etc.
The business model innovation of enterprises is just like the animals who choose to migrate in order to survive on the African prairie. They must have firm faith, resolute courage and extraordinary wisdom to successfully reach the other shore.
Party building +
"Model post of Party members", "vanguard of Party members" and "assault team of Party members" are the characteristic party building activities of power construction enterprises, and also the concrete embodiment of "party building +" in the process of engineering construction. At the construction site, the Party branch and the Party group are United, the party members show their identity and set an example. The Party branch's role as a fighting fortress and the vanguard and exemplary role of Party members have been played incisively and vividly. "Party building +" needs to be added all the time. Combining with the development requirements of the times, the development situation of enterprises and the needs of engineering construction, we should constantly improve and enrich the connotation of Party building, so that party building can lead the scientific development of enterprises in an all-round way.
Since the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, there has been an upsurge of studying and implementing the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, holding high the great banner of Xi Jinping's thought of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, building a red engine and leading scientific development.
With the increasingly prominent role of Party building in leading scientific development, "party building +" emerges as the times require. Power construction enterprises enrich the content of "party building +" in combination with actual production and construction. Party building + safety production "," party building + scientific and technological innovation "," Party Building + quality service "are endowed with New Era Connotation and significance. "No violation site" is the benchmark established after the implementation of "party building + safety production", the "Party member service team" is the model created after the release of energy of "party building + quality service", and "party building +" plays a leading role in specific practice.
In 2017, in the field of power construction, a new change appeared: many owners, including the State Grid, clearly put forward the digital design requirements of power engineering, some even digital handover requirements. In the new era of digital design from elastic demand to rigid demand, enterprises still in the stage of two-dimensional computer design feel pressure.
In the world, electric power design has completed the great leap from drawing board computer aided design to digital design and has become the mainstream of the world. It has been nearly ten years since the design and design of large-scale power supply have been studied and applied in power supply design and design institutes in China. However, both the popularity and the design level still need to be improved. This process is expected to speed up in the future due to the demand of the owners.
It is worth noting that in the past year, people with insight in the industry still have a more profound understanding: that is, digital design products should not only stay in the design stage. In the era of big data, they will play a huge role in the subsequent operation and maintenance of owners. They should explore the value application and business model of digital design products in the whole life cycle of the project, so as to continuously improve China's electric power Engineering digital operation and maintenance capability promotes the transformation and upgrading of design enterprises in business mode.
With the rapid development of automation, induction recognition, artificial intelligence and other technologies, it has penetrated into all aspects of human life and brought unprecedented changes. With the progress of high-end technology, smart grid is gradually moving from software and hardware intelligence to intelligent management and operation and maintenance.
It is the power inspection UAV, rail mounted inspection robot, cable tunnel inspection robot, live working manipulator and a series of power grid operation and maintenance tools, as well as through UAV line selection, site selection and other intelligent working methods, so as to outline a new picture of the era of human-computer integration and machine generation in the power industry. The robot not only liberates the power industry from inspection, but also improves the efficiency of power inspection and improves the efficiency of power inspection.
In any case, the trend is irresistible, and a new era has arrived. We have reason to believe that the application of artificial intelligence in the power industry will extend from operation and maintenance to design, construction, installation and other projects in the whole life cycle, so that intelligence can be carried out in the whole industry.
"Internet +" is the development trend actively explored by various industries. Try to deeply integrate Internet thinking with traditional industries to create a new development ecology. Electric power construction enterprises use "Internet + technology" to build a project management and control platform, rely on technical means to control the safety of infrastructure construction site, and realize the innovation of infrastructure system management mode.
Nowadays, the practice of "Internet +" has blossomed everywhere: in the Tibet China networking project, all-weather and all-round real-time management and control can be realized through video and mobile terminals; in the construction sites such as the underground powerhouse of Jinshajiang cascade hydropower stations, "Internet + security" can be realized by using mobile video monitoring equipment Field operation, safety and quality inspection efficiency has been greatly improved; in the auxiliary stage of UHV equipment manufacturing supervision, main distribution network transformation material supply and other engineering construction auxiliary stages, the "Internet + quality" is used to realize the first time detection and disposal of on-site problems.
With the continuous progress of Internet technology, "Internet +" and power engineering construction will develop from simple addition and grafting to covering the whole construction cycle and more in-depth integration. The application of new technologies will promote the continuous improvement of project management and control level, so as to effectively improve the productivity of the whole industry.
Power construction enterprises that have been "going out" for more than 30 years, today, under the guidance of the "belt and road" initiative and the urgent need of transformation and upgrading, have embarked on a new process of global development.
In 2016, PowerChina put forward the "three-step" strategy of upgrading the priority development strategy of international business to "grouping of international business, localization of international business and globalization of group company". While establishing an international company, it set up six regional headquarters overseas, marking the beginning of global development. For more than a year, PowerChina has achieved remarkable results in the collectivization and localization of international business. At the first international business work meeting held at the end of December 2017, it was further clarified that "the" three-step "strategy is the basic strategy to be adhered to in the future". At the same time, China energy construction also proposed at the international business coordination and seminar in 2017 that "it is necessary to deepen the reform, effectively carry out the organizational restructuring, resource integration and other work according to the company's decision-making and deployment, build a new pattern of international business, and form a stronger combat effectiveness."
In fact, the development of globalization is the only way to international engineering companies and the strategic choice of power construction enterprises after self-examination. From international priority to global development, power construction enterprises have been in the forefront of many central enterprises in terms of ideas and measures, and have set an example.
General contracting mode
In February 2017, the general office of the State Council issued the opinions on promoting the sustainable and healthy development of the construction industry, which clearly pointed out that it is necessary to improve the organization mode of engineering construction, accelerate the implementation of general contracting, and cultivate the whole process of engineering consultation. In combination with the "opinions on further promoting the development of EPC" issued by the Ministry of housing and urban rural development in mid-2016, the comprehensive and in-depth promotion of EPC mode has become the common voice of the construction industry including the electric power engineering field.
Starting from 1986 when Southwest Electric Power Design Institute contracted the expansion of two 330000 kW units in Jiangyou Power Plant, the number of EPC projects began to increase gradually in 2004. In this year, the total contract amount of electric power industry reached 7.28 billion yuan. Nowadays, with the continuous deepening of China's "one belt and one road" initiative, more power engineering projects adopting the general contracting mode have begun to blossom and bear fruit all over the world. According to the statistics of China electric power planning and Design Association, in 2016, the total amount of new contracts signed for various businesses in the power survey and design industry was 217.467 billion yuan, of which the total contract amount was 175.386 billion yuan, accounting for 80.6% of the total contract amount 5%, a year-on-year increase of 24.75%. After 30 years of development, China's electric power engineering general contracting industry has experienced a historic leap from scratch, from small to large, from within the industry to the outside, from domestic to international, from traditional thermal power, power transmission and transformation to new energy projects, which has become the undisputed mainstream mode of power construction in China.
On December 22, 2017, the mobilization meeting for the commencement of six pumped storage power stations, including Yixian County in Hebei Province, Zhirui in Inner Mongolia, Ninghai in Zhejiang Province, Jinyun in Zhejiang Province, Luoning in Henan Province and Pingjiang in Hunan Province, was held in Beijing. Compared with the conventional hydropower stations, the comprehensive advantages of pumped storage power stations with the advantages of energy storage and peak regulation are obvious.
The function of pumped storage power station in the power system is similar to a "big battery". With its energy storage function, when the load is low, the system can convert the energy that is difficult to consume into potential energy by pumping; when the load peak or the system needs, it can convert the potential energy into the power needed by the system through power generation, so as to realize the optimal allocation of social resources.
According to the 13th five year plan for hydropower development, the newly started scale of pumped storage power stations in China will be about 60 million kilowatts, and the new production scale will be 16.97 million kilowatts. By 2020, the total installed capacity of pumped storage power stations will be 40 million kilowatts. Among them, most pumped storage power stations are concentrated in Northeast, North and East China. However, the installed capacity of pumped storage power stations in Northwest and southwest China is very small. From the planning point of view, the follow-up construction of pumped storage power stations in Southwest China is more limited.
On July 20, 2017, Fortune magazine released the latest list of the world's "top 500" enterprises in 2017, 48 central enterprises supervised by SASAC were shortlisted, and the two construction groups of China Power Construction and China energy construction ranked 190th and 312th respectively.
The world's top 500 companies are the most powerful in the world. Since the establishment of the two construction groups in 2011, they have been shortlisted for many times. PowerChina has been ranked as one of the fortune world's "top 500" continuously, and its ranking on the list has been climbing all the way, from 390 in 2012 to 190, and 200 in five years.
In the face of the sharp shrinkage of the traditional power supply construction market, the two construction groups have broken through the ice, their development ability has been continuously enhanced, and their main economic indicators have maintained rapid growth, and their ranking in the world's "top 500" list has increased year by year. The red report card against the trend shows that the reform of separating the main power grid from the auxiliary power grid is successful. The restructured Chinese power construction enterprises, both in terms of enterprise scale and market competitiveness, have entered the track of sound development on the road of transformation and upgrading, and have become one of the world's largest companies and groups.
Green development is an important part of Xi Jinping's thought of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era. The implementation of air pollution prevention and control action is a major strategic deployment of the Party Central Committee and the State Council. In 2017, China will mainly invest in power grid construction and clean power supply.
According to the operation profile of electric power industry in 2017 released by China Electric Power Enterprises Federation, the investment in hydropower projects was 49.2 billion yuan, up 2.1% year-on-year; the investment in thermal power projects was 67.4 billion yuan, down 27.4%; the investment in nuclear power projects was 33.6 billion yuan; the investment in wind power projects was 57.6 billion yuan. Hydropower, nuclear power, wind power and other clean energy investment accounted for 71.1% of the total investment in power. In terms of power grid projects, 466.2 billion yuan was invested in power grid projects nationwide in 2017. Ten UHV projects of the State Grid of China involving 12 key transmission channels of the air pollution prevention and control action plan were completed on schedule. The completion of relevant projects has far-reaching influence and great significance for optimizing the allocation of national energy resources, promoting the coordinated development of regional economy, and building a clean, low-carbon, safe and efficient modern energy system.
The 2018 national energy work conference clearly put forward: focus on green development, focus on solving the problem of clean energy consumption, focus on promoting the strategic project of energy structure adjustment, comprehensively promote the clean and efficient utilization of coal, and vigorously promote the level of clean energy development. By the end of the 13th five year plan, about 150 million kilowatts of coal-fired power construction projects will be cancelled or postponed, and 20 million kilowatts of backward coal-fired power production capacity will be eliminated, and the proportion of coal-fired power installed will be reduced to about 55%. This means that the space for thermal power construction will be further compressed, and a new era of clean energy will come.
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